Vocabulary and Grammar

Antonyms and Synonyms

A list of words is presented, and the user is first asked to find a word in the list that is the
opposite of the target word. Next, the user must find a word in the list that is the same as
the target word.

Action Verbs

Three different animations are presented. The user is asked to find the animation that
goes with a certain action verb like: ‘Click the action jogging.’
Completion from Partial Information
The screen displays partial spellings of words in a category. After examining the partial
information provided, the client is expected to type the whole word.


A word is displayed and three possible definitions. The user must determine the
definitions that best describes the word displayed.
Figurative Language
A question is asked like ‘What is another way to say what are you thinking?’ Ten
possible idioms appear in a list and the user must identify the correct idiom like ‘a penny
for your thoughts’


The user is given a sentence or phrase like “The driver sits _____ the bus.” The user
must then select the correct answer from a list of three possible choices. Half of the
lessons require prepositions as answers and half require verbs as answers.

Functional Vocabulary

Functional Vocabulary was designed to provide practice for people who must enhance
their vocabulary beyond standard dictionary definitions. In this program users are asked
to select the best description of a picture displayed on the screen. The descriptions are
functional statements about the pictures displayed rather than labels or dictionary
definitions. For example, while the dictionary definition of a trash can is container for
garbage, a practical statement about a trash can is that it may have an odor.


Provided with written or spoken functions, users uncover the six pictures on the screen,
one at a time, to find the appropriate picture. While the correct picture is displayed, users
click it to record their response.

Multiple Meaning Words 1

This program uses words that sound the same but have different spellings and different
meanings (homophone). The program presents one member of a pair of homophones
and asks the user to type a homophone for the word displayed, e.g. supply another
spelling of the word SUN. Then two partial sentences are presented, and the user must
determine which homophone best completes each sentence, “The ____ is shining today”
and “My ___ is at school.”

Opposites and Similarities

Users are asked to find word pairs that are the opposite of one another or that are similar
to one another. The program presents a word and then asks the user to find an
appropriate word from a list of words.

Multiple Meaning Words 2

This program uses words that are spelled the same but have different meanings
(homograph). In one configuration, two incomplete sentences are displayed that can
each be completed using a homograph, e.g. “Throw the ______.” and “Cinderella went to
the_____.” The user then supplies the homograph that completes both sentences. In the
second configuration, two definitions are displayed representing a homograph, e.g. the
covering of a tree and noise that a dog makes. The user must type the word that satisfies
both definitions.

Picture Categories

The program requires users to determine the category of a picture displayed on the
screen when three categories are listed.

Sequence of Events

A simple task is broken down into between two and five events and presented in
scrambled order. The user is asked to drag the events into the correct order.

Sorting by Category

This program requires the user to sort words into appropriately related categories. The
screen is divided into either 2 or 3 columns with a corresponding category button. A word
is then presented that belongs to one of the categories. The user clicks the appropriate
category button to place a word into the corresponding category column

Using Adjectives

Users are presented with a sentence containing an adjective. Instructions are to replace
the adjective with another adjective that serves the same purpose.

Verbal Analogies

A simple analogy is presented to show a relationship. Then the first half of a test analogy
is presented along with five possible choices for completing the analogy. The user simply
selects the correct choice.

Word Association

Users are asked to recognize words that are either associated with other words (salt/pepper)
or are parts of other words (toe-foot). The program presents a word and then
asks the user to find an associated word in a list of words.

Word Order

The words in a sentence are presented in a scrambled order. The user is asked to click
on the words in an order that will make a grammatically correct sentence.